An introvert – is a person, that changes the world in silence. Carl Gustav Jung started to divide people into extroverts and introverts according to their temperament, behavior, and interaction with the outside world. Then, introverts and extroverts were divided into sub-types for a more detailed description of the personality.
How to tell an introvert from an extrovert
An introvert and extrovert are two opposite types of personality. The first is interested in his inner world, his emotions and feelings are extremely important while extroverts prefer the outer world. They are interested in the real external objects, social and practical sides of life while an introvert enjoys the world of thinking and imagination.
The introvert stores energy “greedily”, this energy is directed into his inner world while the extrovert spends it to interact with the outside world but he gets it from other people. The introvert, on the contrary, gets tired, when deals with the outside world, so he prefers to be alone and save his energy.
The typical introvert is a quiet, even shy person. He is incredulous, thus it is rather difficult to communicate with the outside world, so he keeps himself aloof, has a small number of close friends, but these bonds are always long lasting and strong. An introverted person does not like spontaneity, plans everything in advance, he likes order, including in his emotions and feelings which a person can control.
This type of personality, such as introvert, loves solitude, he tries to avoid the crowd and noisy companies. An introverted person may be called even detached and unsociable. The introvert never considers the opinion of other people, he acts on the basis of his opinion, views and convictions. He relies only on himself at work, his resources and capabilities. The introvert is a very cautious, conscientious, honest, polite person, his psychological defense against the outside world is based on these virtuous qualities.
Energy of introverts
If the extrovert gets his energy from the outside world when communicating with others, the introvert, on the other hand, needs other sources of strength:
- Thinking and dipping into his inner world;
- It is necessary to have his own space where he can be alone and where no one will disturb so long as he needs;
- It takes a long time to make a decision or to answer, spontaneous decisions drain energy, so it is always necessary to give time for reflection;
- The introvert reluctantly shares his impressions of the day – all of these conversations and violent interference in his world takes away energy, it should be considered in a relationship with an introvert. Do not be offended by his dry “okay” in response to the question “How are things at work?”, the introvert simply needs time to recover after he returned from work;
- Another source of energy for this type of personality is the ability to focus on one thing. The introvert is not able to do several things at the same time and switch from one thing to another.
That’s why the introvert should know about situations which drain his energy and avoid them in order to save it.
Types of introverts
In psychology, there is a division of personality types into subtypes for a complete characterization of the temperament. What are the different types of introverts? There are two major subtypes.
- loves the accuracy in everything, including answers to questions;
- focuses on one thing, not thinking about what will happen in the future;
- at work, the result is important that can be seen;
- the order is important in the house and the place where he works;
- prefers to work with facts and figures, not theories and ideas;
- does not spend time on the memories of the past or dreams of the future;
- he needs clear instructions at work;
- easy to perceive details but see a general picture unclearly.
The sensory introvert is not a burden for others. Therefore, he himself solves all his problems and totally relies only on himself in order to meet his needs.
- always think of several things at the same time;
- he is interested in future events more than what is happening at the moment – his future is intriguing;
- do not like understanding details, considers that details are boring;
- he is very curious;
- this type of person is easy to respond to general questions and is difficult to answer detailed questions;
- it is tedious to maintain a budget but it is easy and fun to spend money.
Also, subtypes are subdivided as well.
This type of personality belongs to a person-realist with a strong logical thinking and practical approach to life and the knowledge which he possesses. A profession with a strict hierarchy fits perfectly, for example, in the military, government or administration.
A person of this type likes the order and does not tolerate when someone violates his own order. Every object has its own place. Comfort is very important for logical-sensory introverts and they create it on their own.
This person maintains good relations with others, even if he does not like them. He is always polite and behaves well. But if someone gets on the list of his enemies, he can not forgive offenses. He is very sensitive to criticism of his abilities, so he is cautious and suspicious towards new people.
A logical-intuitive introvert is a theorist. He carefully analyzes all phenomena. He uses a scientific approach and classifies events, people, objects. His steps are always logical. He likes to analyze new ideas but he is not able to realize them. He treats people objectively seeing their advantages and disadvantages. This type of introvert helps others to discover their talents and abilities.
This kind of person does not show emotions, so he is considered a cold-tempered person. Such a person can not do things in which he is not interested. However, if necessary, he can do them without enthusiasm. Therefore, the logical-sensory introvert is not recommended to work in organizations with the strict system and authoritarian leaders.
He likes bright and emotional people, he seeks communication with them – he needs positive emotions. With such people, an introverted person wants to be polite and to show positive emotions and qualities. Comfort and convenience are very important this person is not able to create them. Therefore, he appreciates a caring partner plus the introvert feels better both emotionally and physically being with such a person.
At work and in life, the introverted person uses “cold” mind. If he does not see the feasibility of the work, the introvert will not perform it.
An ethical-sensory introvert is a very emotional, the world of emotions is very important. He understands the feelings of others. This type of personality is a creative artist who seeks to explore life in all its forms and colors. He seeks beauty and harmony in everything. The ethical-sensory introvert needs someone to love who causes strong emotions. But if he does not see mutuality and attention from the opposite sex, it is easy for this kind of person to change the object of love. Good taste is manifested in his clothes, in the choice of dishes, in the atmosphere at home. This type of person always has an original style of dress.
The ethical-sensory introvert is very charming, friendly and sociable. He likes to be surrounded by people who cause only positive emotions.
Due to its high emotionality, this kind of person may be violent but always tries to finish disputes peacefully. He loves the noisy companies and parties and is able to amuse others. In domestic matters, the introverted person will always find an understanding with loved ones. He treats others well but this kind of person does not impose his society to those who does not need it. He can reveal himself only to loved ones.
The ethical-sensory introvert is very curious, he likes new, mysterious and inexplicable. He constantly strives for new knowledge. This kind of person often makes irrational acts.
He is able to accept criticism of his abilities at work only if it is presented in a benevolent way. He treats colleagues well, it is not in its rules to monitor and put the screw to others. But with relatives, he may be very persistent and demanding.
An ethical-intuitive introvert is a person who is driven by emotion. He wants to change the world in accordance with his beliefs. All the decisions are made according to feelings. An ethical-intuitive introvert loves to jump from one task to another reaching for new knowledge and new ideas.
The ethical-intuitive introvert is charming and attractive for people. He always looks neat and elegant. He knows how to make a good impression. He prefers art to science. This kind of person has a good sense of humor. Its behavior depends on the emotional state, so it is often unpredictable. After any social activity, such a person needs solitude.
At work, it is necessary to set a strict schedule because he is disorganized. This kind of person is well managed if speak to him in a friendly manner. If the ethical-intuitive introvert does not like the behavior of a person, he can say about it openly and even stops chatting, sometimes he ends the relationship. The ethical-intuitive person notices the strengths of a partner or friend and can use them to achieve a common goal.
In addition, you should remember that being an introvert or extrovert is not bad. Some people prefer solitude to communication and focus on their inner world while others are eager to be socially active.